Do you know what are the advantages and disadvantages of marine transport?


Maritime transport is one of the most widely used transportation methods globally for international logistics operations. Millions of companies import and export goods between countries and continents separated by oceans. Hundreds of them travel by sea. Vessels carry hundreds of containers every day, moving goods of all kinds.

Some of the advantages of maritime transport we can find are:

  • Less Maintenance Cost: Water transport's maintenance cost is cheaper than the maintenance cost involved in air and rail transport. This is also one of the main reasons ocean freight rates are low.
  • Best for Bulky Goods: : Heavy and bulky shipment items are best when transported through ocean freight without incurring enormous costs in transportation. Shipping lines can usually carry all kinds of heavy objects.
  • Necessary for Foreign Trade: While airlines are increasingly used today for international shipping, oceans have long connected the global trade markets. Even today, foreign trade is highly dependent upon ocean shipping.
  • Eco-friendly: Ships have a minimal carbon footprint as they consume less fuel than airplanes. As they are eco-friendly, they promote green logistics, and large organizations prefer them over other means of transport.
  • Safety: Shipping lines can carry dangerous materials. The industry is well-versed in handling such goods and has managed, in place, to ensure the security of the vessel, troop, cargo, and environment. Cargo loss occurs by incidents during transportation that regularly falls in as maritime security increases and has dropped significantly in the past decade. Containers are constructed to be sealed and locked during transportation for extra security.
  • Efficiency: No matter the size of your shipments, sea freight companies can usually contain your needs. Tinier shipments can be arranged in a group with other cargo to fill a container, agreed for cost-sharing for the transportation services. Oversized cargo can be filled in one or more containers, providing shippers with only bulk options. The vessels are the perfect way to move high volumes of cargo as they are constructed to carry large amounts of products or raw materials.
  • Enables dangerous goods to be transported.

Disadvantages of maritime transport:

  • Slow Speed: Ocean transportation is more time-consuming and ideal for items with a long lead time. But for instance, air freight can deliver items in a maximum of 2-3 days, while ocean freight might even take a month.
  • Risky: : Since there is a high amount of time involved from shipping to delivery, the risks associated with ocean shipping are higher. There might be delays or weather obstructions that can cause shipment loss or damage.
  • Lack of Infrastructure:Not all countries have ports designed to receive large container ships. Usually, a significant amount of capital expenditure is essential to handle container-based networks.
  • Cost surcharges can occur when crossing areas like the Suez canal.
  • Weather conditions in seas and oceans can alter and delay journeys.

Thanks to our international network at Global Cargo System, we can help you with any sea freight operation in a completely personalized and transparent manner. We also have a pioneering tracking system, which guarantees the traceability and security of each shipment.

Contact our team now, and we will advise you on all the processes so your shipment can succeed and reach any global port.